What language was the Bible originally written in? It’s common to question the language of the Bible the moment we seek a deeper inquiry into its spiritual relevance for our lives. Is what we read in our native language authentic and what the authors truly meant?
According to the wisdom of Kabbalah, the Bible, or the Torah, lays out the foundation of the theory and practice of attaining spiritual life. Neither Adam nor Abraham received the full method of attaining the Creator; only Moses did. All other texts are commentaries, that is, other ways of describing the attainment of the Creator or descriptions of partial attainment of Him.
According to the wisdom of Kabbalah, the Torah describes the complete method for the Creator’s attainment.
The word “Torah” comes from two Hebrew words, “Ohr,” which means “light,” and “Hora’ah,” which means “teaching” or “instruction.”
The Torah is written in the language of branches. It is a language that gives names to spiritual forces according to their corresponding manifestations in the corporeal world. Therefore, although many think that the Torah describes events that took place in our world, from a Kabbalistic perspective, the Torah in fact depicts processes, structures and interactions in what is called “the spiritual world” or “the upper world,” where there are only immaterial forces.
Why did Kabbalists make such written depictions of spiritual forces?
It is so that students wishing to attain spirituality could attract influence from the spiritual world upon themselves by reading. In Kabbalah, such an action is called “attracting the Ohr Makif” (surrounding light).”
By attracting the surrounding light, we undergo corrections of our egoistic nature, gradually transforming it into the spiritual altruistic nature. We thus become filled by the spiritual light and perceive the spiritual world to the extent of our ego’s correction.
Perceiving the spiritual world means sensing eternity and perfection that comes from attaining similarity of qualities with the Creator. In other words, as the Creator is a quality of love and bestowal, so by drawing the surrounding light upon ourselves, we become more like that quality, changing (or “correcting”) our opposite egoistic nature to become more giving like the Creator.
If we had no such method, we would stay on the animal level of existence, where we get born, try to survive and prosper as much as we can while alive, and then ultimately die—over and over again.
We would achieve no sense of eternity, perfection and knowledge of the Creator.
The language of branches, which describes the spiritual forces (“roots”) with the help of their corporeal manifestations (“branches”), has four variations. In other words, there are four kinds of languages of branches:
1. Tanach – a language of historical narration.
2. Halacha – a language of laws;
3. Haggadot – a language of legends;
4. Kabbalah – a scientific language that is closest to the spiritual roots.